Sweat is a natural mechanism for dissipating body heat. Thanks to it, no large temperature variations appear in the internal environment. In other words, it helps us cool off in hot contexts, or during physical exercise. There are various health problems that are related to sweating in childhood. Here are some of the most important ones.
- SudaminaScientifically known as miliaria rubra, it is an innocent condition characterized by the appearance of small reddish papules (pimples) on the skin. These papules settle on the ends of the sweat-producing glands. When an obstruction of the ducts of the glands occurs, we can see these pimples that, as a general rule, do not require treatment.
- Dyshidrotic eczema: it is a very itchy variant of eczema that can settle on the hands and feet, characterized by the appearance of vesicles-blisters on reddened areas of the skin. Typically itchy, and appears in hot contexts. For its treatment, we will use ointments with corticosteroids and oral antihistamines.
- Hyperhidrosis: certain people produce very profuse sweat, which can be generalized, or limited to a certain portion of the body, such as the palms of the hands or armpits. It can generate a certain social rejection. For its treatment, topical solutions with aluminum hydroxide, periodic infiltrations of botulinum toxin or surgeries (sympathectomy) have been used.
- Mycosis: Macerated sweat is a perfect breeding ground for fungi to proliferate. Hence, it is very important to maintain scrupulous hygiene of certain body areas, such as the interdigital folds, or the inguinal fold. These areas are especially prone to the development of mycosis, whose treatment will require the application of topical treatments with antifungal drugs, such as nystatin or azoles.
- Anhydrotic ectodermal dysplasia: It is a very rare condition, characterized by the absence of sweat glands. This fact generates that, in relation to physical effort or in very hot environments, body heat cannot be dissipated, with which there is a risk of developing hyperthermia.
- In cystic fibrosis: especially in hot and humid environments, a profuse sweat rich in salt appears, with which there is a certain risk of developing dehydration and hyponatremia. Many parents report a salty taste after kissing their children.
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