Before knowing what to do so that a wound does not become infected, it is necessary to know what a wound infection is. A wound infection occurs when germs settle in the skin incision.
These bacteria lodge in the tissues, preventing the wound from healing and causing other symptoms. Infection can both happen in small or large wounds, from when they are not treated properly.
The infection can occur in all types of wounds. In wounds caused by sharp objects, cuts, tears or burns. The infection is more common in deeper incisions such as large burns or bite wounds. For know if the child's wound has become infected, you can see some signs:
- Wounds that do not heal or improve even after treatment.
- Wounds that hurt and bleed easily.
- Wounds that present an abscess with discharge or pus of a strange color or bad smell.
- Wounds that have swollen and very red areas around them.
- Sore and warm wounds, when touched.
Wounds become infected due to a inadequate hygiene and cleanliness, an ineffective cure, or by being in contact or exposed to any microorganism or germs. For this reason, it is necessary to disinfect the wound, regardless of its size, every day.
When the child is injured, it is important that first, keep it clean and disinfected. And how is that done? We tell you the step by step:
1- Wash your hands with soap and water to heal the wound
2- Wash the wound with plenty of warm water and neutral soap, to remove possible foreign bodies such as dirt, sand, wood, glass or plant debris, etc.
3- Dry, with the help of a sterile gauze (not cotton), from the center to the outside, to drag the germs.
4- Apply an antiseptic solution to disinfect the wound and thus deal with bacteria. It is best to use one that absorbs easily through the skin and that will hold its action for several hours. Chlorhexidine is an antiseptic that has these characteristics and is also the most widely used to heal children's wounds. The presence of allantoin favors even hydration of the child's skin. It is advisable to apply the antiseptic about twice a day, until you verify that the wound is healed.
1- Use antiseptics such as mercromin on children's wounds. It is proven that these products can produce what is known as contact eczema, and if used in large areas and for a long time, it is toxic to the kidney.
2- Use alcohol to disinfect children's wound. Apart from cause a lot of pain, can cause burns and therefore worsen the clinical picture of the wound. The disinfectant and antiseptic action of chlorhexidine lasts longer than that of alcohol.
3- Use povidone iodine in the wound of children. It is more geared for adults. Chlorhexidine is most effective in children.
4- Use hydrogen peroxide to disinfect. It only serves to clean the wound, in the same way as saline solution. Nothing more.
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